New energy vehicle battery recycling equipment to dismantle power batteries
Release Time：2022-12-30 Source：Lithium battery recycling equipment Share：
After the car battery cannot reach the effect of laddering, it will be sent to a professional battery recycling company to recycle the non-ferrous metals in the battery for reuse. With the continuous depletion of resources, the source of lithium metal will no longer be mining in the future, but recycling. Ternary batteries contain much higher nickel and cobalt metal content than the original mine, to the common NCM111, for example, nickel, cobalt, manganese content accounted for 12%, 3% and 5%, and lithium iron phosphate batteries even if they do not contain cobalt, nickel and other rare metals, its 1.1% lithium content is significantly higher than China's development and utilization of the grade of only 0.4% to 0.7% of the original mine. According to institutional estimates, the market size created by recycling cobalt, nickel, manganese, lithium, iron and aluminum and other metals will reach 13.6 billion yuan in 2020 and more than 30 billion yuan in 2023.
The power batteries used in new energy vehicles are mainly lithium iron phosphate batteries and lithium ternary polymer batteries. With the increase in industry demand and the depth of related research, the technical level of recycling and treatment of these two types of waste power batteries is gradually rising. Lithium battery recycling equipment crushing and separation of waste lithium batteries are physical, chemical and biological methods, including physical methods mainly include crushing and flotation, mechanical grinding and organic solvent dissolution, chemical methods including pyrometallurgy and hydrometallurgy, biological method is the use of microbial metabolic process of selective leaching of metals.
The cost and revenue of the three recycling methods of lithium iron phosphate and ternary lithium batteries were counted, and the wet disassembly and recycling of ternary batteries can bring significant revenue, among which the recovery value of the cathode material is high. By 2023, the dismantling market size of ternary batteries alone can reach 5.41 billion yuan.
Through dismantling and recycling of battery recycling equipment, nickel, cobalt, manganese and other metal elements can achieve a recovery rate of more than 95%, and through further resourcefulness, nickel, cobalt, manganese and lithium salts can be produced, as well as ternary cathode materials and their precursors, which will be used directly in the manufacture of lithium battery cells, which is conducive to the construction of a closed-loop industrial chain. With the future development trend of ternary cathode materials and their precursors, the products will be directly used in the large-scale scrapping of lithium power lithium batteries and the formalization and rationalization of recycling channels, power battery recycling and processing enterprises will be able to obtain increasing profits in the power battery recycling segment. The recycling of waste ternary power batteries has a high economic feasibility, and the dry physical recycling technology is more suitable for the application of ternary battery recycling technology, and is also the main recycling method used by leading domestic and foreign technology recycling enterprises.